<![CDATA[Rachel Tolman Terry - Blog]]>Thu, 23 Mar 2017 18:56:32 -0700Weebly<![CDATA[´╗┐Lessons in Description from Hemingway's A Moveable Feast]]>Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:47 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/lessons-in-description-from-hemingways-a-moveable-feast
I'm not sure why it took me so long to finish reading Ernest Hemingway's A Moveable Feast. Maybe it's because there's no real plot, or maybe it's because Hemingway himself doesn't seem to get too excited about anything. But even though it moves along like a lazy river, it's fascinating for readers and writers. And here's why.

Ernest Hemingway and his wife Hadley lived in Paris in the 1920s with their young son Bumby. They were poor, but their lives were as rich as any artist or writer could hope for. They regularly spent time with some of the best known writers of the 20th century, and Hemingway's observations of them are mesmerizing. Using descriptions of people in the book (below), see how Hemingway uses metaphors, sounds, imagery, and creative adjectives to paint pictures of his friends.

On Gertrude Stein:
"Miss Stein was very big but not tall and was heavily built like a peasant woman. She had beautiful eyes and a strong German-Jewish face that also could have been Friulano and she reminded me of a northern Italian peasant woman with her clothes, her mobile face and her lovely, thick, alive immigrant hair which she wore put up in the same way she had probably worn it in college."

​"In the three or four years that we were good friends I cannot remember Gertrude Stein ever speaking well of any writer who had not written favorably about her work or done something to advance her career except for Ronald Firbank and, later, Scott Fitzgerald."
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Gertrude Stein
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Sylvia Beach
On Sylvia Beach (owner of the rental library of Shakespeare & Company:
​"Sylvia had a lively, sharply sculpted face, brown eyes that were as alive as a small animal's and as gay as a young girl's, and wavy brown hair that was brushed back from her fine forehead and cut thick below her ears and at the line of the collar of the brown velvet jacket she wore. She had pretty legs and she was kind, cheerful and interested, and loved to make jokes and gossip. No one that I ever knew was nicer to me."

On Ford Madox Ford:

​"It was Ford Madox Ford, as he called himself then, and he was breathing heavily through a heavy, stained mustache and holding himself as upright as an ambulatory, well clothed, up-ended hogshead
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Ford Madox Ford
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Ezra Pound
On Ezra Pound:
"Ezra was kinder and more Christian about people than I was. His own writing, when he would hit it right, was so perfect, and he was so sincere in his mistakes and so enamored of his errors, and so kind to people that I always thought of him as a sort of saint. He was also irascible but so perhaps have been many saints."

On Ernest Walsh:
Ernest Walsh was dark, intense, faultlessly Irish, poetic and clearly marked for death as a character is marked for death in a motion picture. He was talking to Ezra and I talked with the girls who asked me if I had read Mr. Walsh's poems. I had not and one of them brought out a green-covered copy of Harriet Monroe's Poetry, A Magazine of Verse and showed me poems by Walsh in it."
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Ernest Walsh
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Scott Fitzgerald
On Scott Fitzgerald:
Scott was a man then who looked like a boy with a face between handsome and pretty. He had very fair wavy hair, a high forehead, excited and friendly eyes and a delicate long-lipped Irish mouth that, on a girl, would have been the mouth of a beauty. His chin was well built and he had good ears and a handsome, almost beautiful unmarked nose. This should not have added up to a pretty face, but that came from the coloring, the very fair hair and the mouth. The mouth worried you until you knew him and then it worried you more."

On Dunc Chaplin (baseball player):
"I had not followed Princeton baseball and had never heard of Dunc Chaplin but he was extraordinarily nice, unworried, relaxed and friendly and I much preferred him to Scott."
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Dunc Chaplin
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Zelda Fitzgerald
On Zelda Fitzgerald:
Zelda had hawk's eyes and a thin mouth and deep-south manners and accent. Watching her face you could see her mind leave the table and go to the night's party and return with her eyes blank as a cat's and then pleased, and the pleasure would show along the thin line of her lips and then be gone."
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Ernest, Hadley, and Bumby Hemingway
On Hadley and Bumby:
"She was smiling, the sun on her lovely face tanned by the snow and sun, beautifully built, her hair red gold in the sun, grown out all winter awkwardly and beautifully, and Mr. Bumby standing with her, blond and chunky and with winter cheeks looking like a good Vorarlberg boy."
As you can see, Hemingway's powers of observation are immense. He wrote A Moveable Feast in the late 50s, just before his tragic death. That means there were 30-40 years between these actual experiences and when he turned them into a book. You would never guess from the vividness of the descriptions that the encounters hadn't happened five minutes ago.

Did he keep a journal or notes of all of these encounters and then go back and use them later? Did his imagination play on them for years until the people became caricatures of their real selves?

It doesn't really matter. Reading such descriptions make you see the world differently and respect words for their inherent power. Thanks, Hem (as his friends would say).
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<![CDATA[Writing in the Age of Distraction]]>Wed, 08 Mar 2017 16:26:26 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/writing-in-the-age-of-distraction
I’m writing this blog post directly into Google Docs, which means I’m connected to the Internet. Which means that with a pop of my index finger, I can access pretty much anything under the sun: the news in Australia, the latest episode of Poldark, almost any song ever written (on Spotify), shopping with 2-day shipping (Amazon Prime), and information about what my cousin ate for breakfast (Facebook).

This is no way to write. Writing requires focus. It requires a direct connection between the logical thoughts in your head and the transference of those thoughts into a physical form that can be read by someone at a future time, even if that future time is in about 14 seconds. It’s magical if you think about it. I think about something in my mind, my brain tells my fingers what to type, I upload the finished product to my blog, and you, my friend, read it. I don’t know where (or when) you are, but we probably have a lot in common. But the only way we’re going to communicate, is if I avoid distractions.

Here’s the thing: we all have important things to communicate, and we have the means for communicating them. But because we’re using the internet for writing, we get so distracted that our writing isn’t as good as it could be. Instead of doing the hard work of revising, we scan our favorite food blogs. Instead of creating a real editorial schedule and sticking to it, we observe the political fights of our relatives on Facebook--and maybe throw a comment in here or there.

What can we do to produce quality writing in the age of distraction?

As you can tell from the very real and detailed examples I’ve included in the kinds of distractions out there, this is a problem for me. But I’m working on it.

The following are some strategies I have used or am currently using to continue to produce articles, blog posts, ebooks, and books in the age of distraction:

Use Your Distractions as Motivation
Have you ever tried this? After I write 500 words, I can read the news for 15 minutes. After I finish the long chapter that’s causing me problems, I’ll watch an episode of Boys Over Flowers (I take full responsibility for your addiction if I’m the reason you start watching Korean TV dramas). Using your distractions as motivation (okay, bribes) can be helpful to your productivity if you can be disciplined enough to abide by your own rules.

Use Paper for Outlining
Outlining requires real concentration for me, and for some reason I concentrate better with paper in front of me. Once I have a solid outline, it’s easier to sit down and pound out the flesh. But the bones--well, they need me to step away from the distractions completely.

For fiction, I like to get a big piece of paper and draw out the arc of the plot with a line. I write details about the plot along the line, showing where the peaks and valleys should occur. This is really hard to do on a computer, but it’s downright invigorating on paper. Give it a try sometime, and let me know how it goes.

Find a Writing Buddy
Making a commitment to someone else is often more powerful than making a commitment to yourself (as sad as that is). If you have a writing friend, consider helping each other to set and reach goals. Here’s an example:
Rachel: Okay, Joann, I’m going to finish 2,500 words of this story by Friday. What are you going to do?

Joann: I’m going to finish Chapter 9 and find a good image for the cover by Friday.

Rachel: Good idea. If you finish all that, I’ll make you my famous gluten-free brownies.

Joann: Okay. If you don’t finish your 2,500 words, I’ll put pop-its under your toilet seat.

That would be pretty effective. You can see how some people work better with food bribes and others work better from threats of bathroom terrorism. Finding your motivation is key. ;)

Keep a Writing Log
Nurses write down everything they do for their patients. Teachers create lesson plans and enter grades. Police officers write reports of how many speeding tickets they write. They can look back at the end of their workday and see what they accomplished. Writers can do this too!

Consider keeping a log of what you’ve accomplished. It can help you to see how much you’re really doing and motivate you to do more (and leave your distractions pining for your attention all alone on Twitter).
Here’s an example:

March 7, 2017
Ghostwrote blog post: 646 words
Worked on cover art for Six Flights: 25 minutes
Created Canva image for website: 20 minutes
Wrote copy for Tolman Hall guide: 415 words

Hey! I actually did something with that 3 hours!

If you keep your log handy, it can be the motivation you need to keep you away from the news or whatever else ails you.

What are your best strategies for writing in the age of distraction? Please share. I need all the help I can get.
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<![CDATA[5 Reasons You Should Write a Book]]>Sun, 12 Feb 2017 00:53:02 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/5-reasons-you-should-write-a-book
There are probably a million reasons to write a book. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin to stop the injustice of slavery. Stephenie Meyer wrote Twilight to capture a dream she had one night. Dale Carnegie wrote How to Win Friends and Influence People to help people overcome their fear of public speaking. Behind every book in every library is an author who had a reason for investing a lot of time and energy into that project. 

If you've ever considered writing a book, you have reasons of your own, and they're probably very good reasons. The following 5 reasons are universal, I believe. Do they apply to you? Are you ready to take the plunge?
 
1. You Have Something to Say 
Admit it. You know a lot about something—so much that other people ask you advice about it and care what you have to say. It might be something relatively obscure like growing lucious peaches or drawing still lifes. Or it might be something more common like setting up small business accounting systems or teaching kids how to swim. Whatever it is, there are people out there who would like to learn what you already know. And they just might pay you to explain it to them.
 
2. You’d Like to Publish Something 
There’s never been a better time to get into publishing. Just a few years ago, you couldn’t publish a book without going through a series of gatekeepers: agents, editors, publishers. Today, thanks to some amazing innovations and print-on-demand technology, you can publish a book by yourself and market it to practically the whole world. The indie publishing process is incredibly satisfying, and holding your published book in your hand is pretty satisfying, too.
 
3. You Want to Learn Something New 
If you’re into lifelong learning, indie publishing is definitely for you. Not only will you continually be learning about writing, thinking, and communicating, but you’ll learn all kinds of fascinating skills along the way. You’ll learn about design as you work through your book covers and interior setup. You’ll learn how to use complicated software like Gimp or Photoshop. You’ll learn about inbound marketing and social media. You’ll meet interesting people and step out of your comfort zone. With each new book you publish you’ll learn something new. It’s endlessly rewarding.
 
4. You Want to Give Back 
Most authors started out as dedicated readers. At some point, after devouring book after delicious book, most readers have a desire to give back and add to the conversation. One of my favorite college professors told me that reading and writing are just different parts of the same conversation. If you’re ready to reciprocate start writing. Your voice is important to the great conversation of ideas and stories.
 
5. You Want to Stretch Yourself 
Anyone can write a blog post. Take 400-600 words, add an image or two, and bam. Published. But writing a book is different. It requires you to take one idea and explore it in depth. For a long time. It requires you to pace yourself, to discipline yourself, and to stick with something until it’s done. You’ll get sick of it. It will nag you and be a permanent resident on your to-do list. When you finally finish that sucker, though, you will feel the elation that comes from accomplishing something difficult. You will have climbed a very tall mountain. And from the top of that mountain you will see things you couldn’t see before. And it will make you want to climb the next mountain.
 
So what are you going to write about? Tell me!
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<![CDATA[7 Ways to Use Analytics to Improve Your Book Marketing]]>Fri, 10 Feb 2017 19:24:41 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/7-ways-to-use-analytics-to-improve-your-book-marketing
If you feel that marketing your book is a hit-and-miss proposition, you're not alone. Many authors spend time blogging and guest blogging, working on their websites, and even paying for Google Ads without ever knowing if their marketing efforts are leading to increased book sales.

That's why Analytics were created. Web analytics make it possible for you to evaluate what's working and what's not. With Google Analytics you can learn a lot about your website visitors: when they visit, what they visit, how long they stay, and more. Neat, huh?

If you're not currently using analytics, you're missing out on opportunities to get more traffic and improve conversion rates (sell more books). Here's a list of 7 tips to help you get the most out of Google Analytics.

Check Your Analytics Daily
Your daily to-do list is already long, but this one is easy. Set up Google Analytics to receive a daily email report. Your report will show you which pages received the most traffic during this day. You can then use this information to post your most-visited posts on social media and gain even more traffic.

Stop Visitors from Leaving
Your analytics reports will tell you which pages have high page views and which ones have high bounce rates. A high bounce rate tells you that readers don't have a clear path to take after they read your content. Keep their attention by providing a feature with related content or a relevant Call to Action.

Get Rid of the Low Performers
On a regular basis, maybe monthly or quarterly, evaluate which pages are receiving the fewest visitors. Delete these pages or blog posts since they're not contributing to your digital marketing and could be cluttering your website.

Analyze Your Referrals
Another important bit of information from Google Analytics is the list of websites that have sent you the most traffic. Analyze each referral and what their writers are sharing on social media. This can help you to know where to focus your digital marketing efforts. It can also clue you in regarding which accounts to follow on social media.

Look at Long-Range Trends
If you're checking your analytics daily but you never look at longer term reports, you can lose sight of your overall goals and make hasty decisions. Therefore, once a month, record your data on a spreadsheet so you can easily see how your analytics change from month to month. 

Test and Learn
Your website is good, right? But it can always be improved. Test your website by experimenting with your website, testing it, and then analyzing the results with Google Analytics. Focus on one area at a time, and keep experimenting until you find a formula that gets you the results you need.

Create an Alert to Detect Error Pages
​Those 404 Error pages are really annoying. Don't annoy visitors to your website. Instead, set up an alert in Google Analytics to monitor your site for error pages and email you whenever there's a problem.

If you're like me, this marketing stuff can be a bit bewildering. I've found, however, that the more I learn about it, the more I enjoy the "business side" of indie publishing. It's great to be able to learn about all sides of running a business, and it can be very enjoyable to have a numbers-based aspect to writing.
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<![CDATA[Activate Your Fiction]]>Thu, 09 Feb 2017 20:13:17 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/activate-your-fiction
Tom's limp body was dragged around the barn to the pasture where the cows were standing.

Why, you wonder, does the author take so long in getting Tom's limp body from here to there?  Does she dread the cow pasture?  Should I?  Will the rest of the story take as long as this first sentence?

Passive voice can slow your fiction down to a dreary standstill.  And that's why it's so important to recognize the passive voice and kill it before it kills your story.  In the above sentence, the action has been stamped out by a "was" and a "were."  The verbs, though dormant, exist in this sentence: "drag" and “stand."  But the author hasn't allowed them to take the action.  We would find ourselves much more involved with the action if we read,

The girl dragged Tom's limp body around the barn to the pasture where the cows stood.

Not only is the action closer to the beginning of the sentence but the author has also been forced to insert a dragger, the girl.  The immediacy of the action draws us in and makes us wonder what will happen next.
In the active voice, a doer exists to execute the action.  In the passive voice, the subject is acted upon.  Or, worse yet, the subject disappears from the scene altogether, as the girl in the above example.  Because of fiction’s character-driven nature, the subjects need to be as active as possible.  So don’t relegate them to victim material, and please don’t leave them out.

Downfalls of the Passive VoicePassive voice makes for wordy writing.  Extra, meaningless words can swamp your writing.  We get into the trap of writing in the passive voice for several reasons. 

First, writing with active verbs takes more forethought.  Our language provides plenty of gutsy, strong verbs, but our brains usually first think of the same sentence constructs we use day after day.  Reading exciting prose on a regular basis can help bring these strong verbs to the forefront of your vocabulary.  Instead of writing, “She was walking briskly to the hut,” you’ll say, “She raced to the hut.”  As you watch a squirrel scamper across the park bench, a van swerve to a screeching halt, a speck of dust descend to its final resting place, think of multiple active verbs that could describe the action.  Practice thinking in verbs.

Secondly, most of us habitually speak in the passive voice, so it takes some practiced discrimination even to recognize those tiny, sneaky “be” verbs. When trying to adopt a “natural” voice in our writing, we tend to write exactly as we would speak.  But all those extra, insignificant words that dissolve into the phone line as we converse with friends turn ugly when they show up in black and white.  Just as readers don’t want to read all of the “ums,” “ers,” and “ya knows,” they don’t want to read “be” verb after “be verb.”

Get Rid of the Passive
The easiest way to identify the passive voice in your writing is to sit down with a pen—preferably a red pen if you’re serious about gutting your writing--and circle all the forms of the verb “be” (be, am, is, are, was, were, being, and been).  These “be” verbs lack vigor because they convey no action.  This exercise opens your eyes to the “be” addict within.

Once you have circled all those wimpy “be” verbs, examine a sentence:

A decision was reached by the committee.

Who prompts the action in this sentence?  The committee.  Bump the committee up to the beginning:

The committee reached a decision.

You’ve knocked out two superfluous words and given the committee some real power.

When you begin ridding your writing of passive verbs, you’ll find that unruly prepositional phrases fall by the wayside as well.  Read the following sentence, a prepositional wasteland: 

The costumes for the school play were designed on Friday by the students from Mrs. Jacob’s fourth period art class.

This sentence never ends.  The author has added so many prepositional phrases that we the readers lose sight of the sentence’s direction and meaning.  Try,

On Friday, Mrs. Jacob’s fourth period art class designed the costumes for the school play. 

Not only has the sentence lost five unnecessary words, we get the details about the subjects and the time period (Friday) up at the front of the sentence.  We’re not so weary by the time we find out the purpose of the action.

As you make your way through another red-lined sentence, and another, and through a paragraph, you’ll find that sometimes a “be” ought to be.  The forms of “be” work well when you want to link a subject to a noun that clearly renames it or to an adjective that describes it.  Trying to meddle with a “be” verb with one of these functions might just alter the meaning of your sentence or add an action when one truly doesn’t exist.
For example,

Advertising is legalized lying.

Any attempt at getting rid of the “is” in this sentence makes for a wordy, confusing statement.  So don’t be too rigid about eliminating every single “be” verb in sight, but do examine your motives in using the verbs you choose.  A conscious decision to use a “be” verb may be just what you need.  Just don’t use them ignorantly.

This “be”-verb elimination process seems tedious, and it truly is the first time you try it, but you’ll begin to notice patterns in your own writing and ways to fix those passive patterns.  Soon, you can avoid the red pen therapy because you begin writing more actively in your rough drafts.  You’ll think in terms of verbs instead of nouns, and your writing will gain intensity and verve.

It takes work and lots of red ink, but abolishing the passive voice can only bring rewards.  Good luck, and, hey, maybe I’ll see you sometime at the office supply store in the red pen aisle.
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<![CDATA[Discussing Literature at Home]]>Thu, 09 Feb 2017 17:50:52 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/discussing-literature-at-home
How do you get your child to discuss literature with you in a way that leads to discovery? Sometimes, homeschool parents feel that their discussions end up feeling like a reading comprehension check, and that's no fun for anyone. Instead of making sure your child remembers that Onion John has five bathtubs in his house, spend your discussion time on the bigger questions:

What does this tell us about the character?

What do you mean by that?

Why do you think that?

Tell me more about that.

Can you elaborate?

Do you agree with the author's point of view?

Tell me how you arrived at that conclusion.

Can you say that in another way?


Questions like these do more than check for comprehension. They get your student thinking about the ideas, themes, and concepts that hold the story together. They also help you to use literature to launch into the Big Ideas that humans have pondered since the beginning of time, ideas like Truth, Justice, Forgiveness, Life and Death, Love, Fear, and Hope. What a blessing it is to have discussions like these with your children.

Like anything else, you'll get better at this the more you do it. It might feel a little awkward or contrived at first, but it won't for long. Start with just a few questions like the ones above, and then add more as you feel comfortable. If your kids ask you what you're doing, tell them it's the Socratic Method. Impressive!

​Here are more posts about Homeschooling Literature:
14 Books for Adventure-Loving Boys
9 Hopeful Children's Books About the Great Depression
Using Tolman Hall FollowUps
The Remarkable Story of George Moses Horton

And here are some blog posts about the Socratic method:
The Classical Scholar writes about How to Ask (Better Homeschool Questions) Like Socrates
Catholic Mom discusses a Socrates Cafe
Homeschooling Hearts & Minds talks about using the Socratic method when Teaching the Classics
Eclectic Homeschooling blogs about The Power of Questions
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<![CDATA[Follow Up for Traci Osborn's 10 Not So Snoozing Monsters]]>Tue, 01 Nov 2016 07:00:00 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/follow-up-for-traci-osborns-10-not-so-snoozing-monsters
Great bedtime stories like Traci Osborn's 10 Not So Snoozing Monsters are a lifesaver when it's time to settle down and call it a night. But have you ever thought of pulling those bedtime stories out during the day for a little interaction?

When your child just can't get enough of a bedtime story ("One more time! Please!"), that's your cue to do something a little more with it.

To that end, we've created a Tolman Hall Follow-up for 10 Not So Snoozing Monsters. Print the pdf and let your kids draw their own monsters, imagine what monsters might dream about while they're sleeping, and more.

And don't forget to visit Traci Osborn's site. She's an fantastic illustrator. You'll love getting to know her better.
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<![CDATA[The 90-Second Newbery Film Festival]]>Tue, 18 Oct 2016 07:00:00 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/the-90-second-newbery-film-festival
If you've been looking for a way to make literature come alive for your students, you've got to check out the 90-Second Newbery Film Festival.

The film festival is an annual video contest that encourages young filmmakers to create short movies that tell the entire stories of Newbery-winning books. Every year, the best movies are shown at special-event screenings in several cities.

Participating in the 90-Second Newbery Film Festival gives you an opportunity to teach many different skills. Here are a few:

1. Your kids will learn to summarize. Gelling a novel down to 90 seconds is not easy. Your kids will have to learn to identify the most important themes, characters, and plot elements and decide which of these will help them to explain the story best.

2. Your kids will learn how to tell a story. A 90-second story is much different than a 250-page story, so there's quite a bit of creativity and construction that happens in the making of each of these films. The 90-second version needs to be coherent and cohesive--no small feat!

3. Your kids will learn about acting. Acting and literature go together like...well, like Shakespeare and MacBeth. Your kids will never forget the Newbery-winning book they choose to act out for their film because they will have added a new dimension to their understanding of it. Plus, acting is fun!

4. Your kids will become little techies. It takes some skills to record and edit a film. Chances are, your kids already video themselves for fun. Now they'll get to use those fledgling skills to video and edit a real movie. Editing takes time and patience, and it might require watching a few how-to Youtube videos along the way. This is good training for how they'll have to learn new skills as adults.

After all is said and done, they'll have a finished product they'll feel proud of. It's a great memento to send to grandparents and friends, and hey, they just might win!

The deadline for the sixth annual 90-Second Newbery Film Festival is January 7, 2017. There's still plenty of time to put your film together. Don't forget to look at this handy guide of tips, tricks, and strategies

Want to combine your 90-minute Newbery film with a literature unit for your homeschool curriculum? Here are a few literature unit studies of Newbery-winning books:
Onion John by Joseph Krumgold
Moon Over Manifest by Clare Vanderpool
Number the Stars by Lois Lowry
Princess Academy by Shannon Hale
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<![CDATA[When Your Kids Hate Reading]]>Wed, 12 Oct 2016 07:00:00 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/when-your-kids-hate-readingA young teenager recently told me that she likes the characters in her books more than she likes most "real non-fiction people." Now there's a kid who loves reading! Her parents never have to worry about how to get her interested in reading (although they may have some other struggles to deal with).

What do you do if you're the parent who just can't get your child interested in reading a book? Figuring out a child's dislike (or even hatred) for reading may take some detective work, but if you're serious about solving this problem, there are definitely things you can do.

Let's take a look at some of the reasons kids hate reading as well as what you can do to solve the problems.

1. Reading makes his eyes hurt.
If your child complains about headaches or eye aches when it's time to read, pay attention. Some kids who are labeled as learning disabled actually suffer from light sensitivity. Fluorescent light and reading on glossy paper can make this condition worse, as well as high-contrast print, such as black letters on white paper. You can do a little experimenting at home to see if your child is more likely to read low-contrast print or under softer lighting. Contact a vision therapist or ophthamologist for help with this condition.

2. They're slow readers.
This isn't as big of a problem for homeschoolers as it can be for children in traditional school classrooms, but those who read more slowly than their peers can get quite frustrated and lose interest in reading. The key to encouraging slow readers is to encourage them to read at their own individual pace. If possible, adapt your literature curriculum to your child's pace, even if it seems like you're not getting through as much material as you'd like. When you take the time to help your child to really understand what he's reading, speed will naturally follow, even if it isn't on a "normal" timeline.

3. They fear reading out loud.
If you have a hesitant reader, avoid asking her to read out loud. Reading out loud definitely has its benefits, but if it's causing too much stress, the benefits will not be worth the frustrations. Instead, discuss what you read so your students can talk about the ideas in their own words.

4. They think they'll be tested on everything they read.
Kids need to learn reading comprehension, and testing is one of the best methods we've come up with for gauging comprehension, but if your kids expect to be tested on every single thing they read, they'll view reading as a chore--a chore with potentially embarrassing consequences. Help your kids to see reading as a lifelong skill that will help them to find new perspectives, make them laugh, learn new skills, and make them think. Be creative in your testing, and ask them to do some reading with no strings attached.

5. They think their opinions will be "wrong."
Let's face it; we live in an age when there are "right" opinions and "wrong" opinions, and since reading and opinions walk hand-in-hand, those who fear their opinions are "wrong" might avoid the whole precarious situation by avoiding ideas in the first place. You can assure your kids that their opinions are valid (even if they're different than others' opinions) by listening carefully to what they say and asking them more about their thoughts. "Interesting idea!" "I hadn't thought of it that way!" "Tell me more about that." These kinds of responses to their opinions will give them the confidence to continue to take risks and trust their own minds.

6. They think they're too far behind to catch up.
When kids are enrolled in school, they are keenly aware of whether they're reading at grade level, above grade level, or below grade level. Those who know they're reading below grade level often feel little motivation to "catch up." This is one area in which homeschool can be a huge benefit. I know a boy who read below grade level for his first four years of elementary school. As soon as he started homeschooling, he started making great strides. He could go at his own pace, and he wasn't preoccupied with comparing his progress to the progress of anyone else. By the time he returned to a classroom in sixth grade, he was reading confidently at grade level. Avoid comparing your children's reading skills. Just keep plugging away and offering new and challenging material as they're ready.

7. They can't remember what they've just read.
Some kids get so absorbed in the phonics and mechanics of reading that they fail to learn how to comprehend what they're reading. You can help kids over this hurdle by explaining that when we read we create mental pictures about what we're reading. With each new sentence our picture gets clearer and more detailed, and sometimes we have to adjust our picture to absorb new and different information. When you start to lose the picture, you start to lose comprehension. Reading aloud to your kids can help them to practice. Read a paragraph or a very short story and ask them to create a picture in their minds, and then ask them to describe their pictures. This can be a fun and relaxing exercise. Your kids probably won't realize that they're actually doing the hard work of learning how to comprehend what they're reading. They'll just start incorporating this skill into their own reading.

8. They haven't yet found books that interest them.
When you homeschool, you have an opportunity to study the topics that are dearest to your kids' hearts, and this is an incredible opportunity. Reluctant readers are more willing to read when the ideas presented are already interesting to them. For example, if your child is interested in engineering and innovation, find a novel that revolves around these interests, like The Creature Department. If your child loves historical fiction, try Number the Stars or Moon Over Manifest. There are books out there that cover just about every topic under the sun. Find the right ones to spark your child's imagination.

Of course, there are other more serious reasons why kids might hate reading. They may be suffering from dyslexia or other conditions that require a more formal approach. Many kids, though, just need a little extra attention and a parent willing to do the detective work to figure it out. 

What strategies have you used to help your children to love reading?]]>
<![CDATA[´╗┐Follow-Up for Drew Dernavich's It's Not Easy Being Number Three]]>Fri, 08 Apr 2016 07:00:00 GMThttp://racheltolmanterry.com/blog/follow-up-for-drew-dernavichs-its-not-easy-being-number-three
If you haven't come across It's Not Easy Being Number Three yet (and there's a good chance you haven't because it's brand new), do yourself a favor and get yourself a copy. This is a fun, creative story about when Number Three got tired of being Number Three. He decided to take a break and try his hand at some new jobs: working in a school, being public art, and working in a restaurant, among other things.

Read the book with your little one, and then print our latest Tolman Hall FollowUp. Your child can create new disguises for Number Three.

The story is so creative that it will give you lots of things to talk about: the importance of doing the jobs only you can do, working together as a team, and appreciating others for what they alone can offer.

Stop on over at Drew Dernavich's website for some great illustrations and a nice blog. 
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